The Ten Commandments

The Ten Commandments

We read about "the Ten Words" in Exodus 20 and in Deuteronomy 5. At times they are called, Aseret Ha-Devarim, meaning the Ten Words and also called the Ten Commandments. These “Words”, were considered to be a type of marriage vow between God and Israel. These were the words of the Mosaic Covenant contract, written on stone and placed for safe keeping in the arc of the covenant. These “Words” help us to express our worship to our Creator.

Y~H~V~H represents God’s Holy Name. These four letters, called the tetragrammaton, are pronounced, Yud-Heh-Vav-Heh. There are many different opinions as to how exactly the name is to be pronounced or if it should even be pronounced at all. The name means, ‘He shall be’, The letters mean, ‘Hand~Behold~Nail~Behold’. The Name points to grace and mercy. The Name points us to Yeshua (Jesus) the Messiah and the wonderful good news of salvation. In this article, when you see and read this “Y~H~V~H” in Scriptures, you could choose to say, Yud~Heh~Vav~Heh, HaShem, Adonai, The LORD, The Eternal or The Almighty. If you wish to try and pronounce the name, please do so respectfully and reverently.

Shemot / Exodus

20:1 Vayedaber Eloheem et kol-hadevarim ha'eleh lemor.
And God spoke all these words, saying:

2 Anochi Y~H~V~H Eloheicha asher hotseticha me'eretz Mitzrayim mibeit avadim.
"I am Y~H~V~H your mighty one, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

3 Lo yihyeh lecha Eloheem acherim al-panai.
You shall have no other gods before Me.

4 You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth;

5 you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, Y~H~V~H your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me,

6 but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.

7 Lo tisa et-shem-Y~H~V~H Eloheicha lashav ki lo yenakeh Y~H~V~H et asher-yisa et-shmo lashav.
You shall not take the name of Y~H~V~H your God in vain, for Y~H~V~H will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.

8 Zachor et-yom haShabbat lekadsho.
Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.

9 Sheshet yamim ta'avod ve'asita chol-melachtecha.
Six days you shall labor and do all your work,

10 but the seventh day is the Sabbath of Y~H~V~H your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates.

11 For in six days Y~H~V~H made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore Y~H~V~H blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.

12 Kaved et-avicha ve'et-imecha lema'an ya'arichun yameycha al ha'adamah asher-Y~H~V~H Eloheicha noten lach.
Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long upon the land which Y~H~V~H your God is giving you.

13 Lo tirtzach. Lo tin'af. Lo tignov. Lo-ta'aneh vere'acha ed shaker.
You shall not murder. You shall not commit adultery. You shall not steal. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

14 Lo tachmod beit re'echa. Lo tachmod eshet re'echa ve'avdo va'amato veshoro vachamoro vechol asher lere'echa.
You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor's."

 

          These words were rules for relationship and guidelines to godliness. In many synagogues they were read every Sabbath (Shabbat).

Some would question are there only ten commands? . … “what about the 613 commandments that are said to make up the Torah or didn’t Y’shua (Jesus) say there were only 2 commandments?” Y'shua did say that all of the commandments were summed up in two; To Love Y~H~V~H with all of your heart, mind, soul, and strength and the second like the first to love your neighbor as yourself.
These do sum up the 10 commandments and the ten
commandments sum up the 613. How does that work?
The first 3 commandments of the 10 are how we
love Y~H~V~H and how He expects us to revere and approach Him. Then the next 1 commandment is when we are to worship and rest in Y~H~V~H. The last 6 commandments are how we love our neighbors as ourselves. The 613 Mitzvot or commandments all fall into the 10 Mitzvot that filter into the 2 major Mitzvot. 


This is how it breaks down mathematically:

 10 in 3 parts = [3+1+6] = 10


while 613 = [6+1+3] which is 10.


Shabbat represents Salvation or Y’shua which rest between the first three and the last six words.

3~words-Y~H~V~H  /  1~word-Y’shua / 6~words-Man

#3 means = divine completeness and perfection. It represents Eloheem (Father, Son & Spirit)
#1 means = unity and new beginnings. It represents Y’shua
#6 means = weakness and evil. It represents man

1Tim 2:5 For there is ONE Eloheem, and ONE mediator between Eloheem and men, the man Mashiach Y’shua;

In our place of worship, in the sanctuary, we have a replica set of the Ten Words, written on both sides of two stone tablets. On the first tablet, on one side, has the first three words (commandments) and on the back, it has the fourth word (commandment) about Shabbat. So, this first tablet deals with vertical communication as we connect with our Creator. On the second tablet, on the front and back, it has the last six words (commandments) dealing with human relations. The second tablet deals with horizontal communications and how we connect and deal with each other. So, as you look at the tablets, one tablet represents Y~H~V~H, and the other tablet represents man.


The Ten Words or Ten Commandments are a picture of the good news (gospel), redemption, and salvation. The Ten Words are a picture of how we connect with our Creator through Messiah. The Ten Words are a picture of our love relationship with our Heavenly Father. When you think of the “Ten Commandments”, think of connecting with God and staying close to Him. At the heart of every “Word”, is the heartbeat of love from our Creator above.

We read about "the Ten Words" in Exodus 20 and in Deuteronomy 5. In the Scriptures, in Hebrew, they are called, “Devarim”, meaning ‘Words’. It calls them, ‘Ten Words’, “aseret ha-devarim” 3 times in the Tanakh. The Hebrew word “Davar” means ~ word, saying, utterance, message, manner, saying, counsel, or thing. These “Words”, were considered to be a type of marriage vow between God and Israel. These were the words of the Mosaic Covenant contract, later, written on stone and placed for safe keeping in the arc of the covenant. These “Words” utterances, or sayings – help us to express our love and worship to our Creator and King.

Shemot / Exodus 20:1 VAYADABER ELOHIM ET KOL HA DEVARIM HA’ELEH LEMOR And God spoke all these words, saying:

20:2 ANOCHI YeHeWEeH ELOHEICHA ASHER HOTSETICAH ME’ERETZ MITZRAYIM MIBEIT AVADIM. "I am YHWH your mighty one, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

20:3 LO YIH-YEH LECHA ELOHIM ACHERIM AL-PANAI You shall have no other gods before Me.

20:4 LO TA’A’SEH LECHA PESEL Do not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth;

20:5 LO TISH-TACHVEH LAHEM V’LO TA’AV-DEM Do not bow down to them and do not serve them. For I, YHWH your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, 20:6 but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.

20:7 LO TISA ET SHEM YeHeWeH ELOHEICHA LASHAV KI LO YENAKEH YeHeWeH ET ASHER YISA ET SHEMO LASHAV You shall not take the name of YHWH your God in vain, for YHWH will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.

20:8 ZACHOR ET YOM HA SHABBAT L’KAD-SHO Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. 20:9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work,

20:10 but the seventh day is the Sabbath of YHWH your God. In it you shall do no work: ( LO TA’A’SEH KOHL M’LACAH ATAH) you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. 20:11 For in six days YHWH made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore YHWH blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.

20:12 KAVED ET AVICHA V’ET-IMECHA LEMA’AN YA’ARICHUN YAMEYCHA AL HA’ADAMAH ASHER YeHeWeH ELOHEICHA NOTEN LACH Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long upon the land which YHWH your God is giving you.

20:13 LO TIR-TZACH. LO TIN-AF. LO TIG-NOV. LO TA’ANEH V’RE’ACHA ED SHA-KER. You shall not murder. You shall not commit adultery. You shall not steal. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

20:14 LO TACH-MOD BEIT RE’ECHA. LO TACH-MOD ESHET RE’ECHA VE’AVDO VA’AMATO VESHORO VACHAMORO VECHOL ASHER LERE’ECHA. You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor's."

If you look at a Torah scroll, in Hebrew, it has distinct spacing between the commandments separating or distinguishing them one from another. The spaces in the Torah are important and are there for good reason. In the Hebrew Torah scroll, in Exodus 20, the 1st commandment has 55 Hebrew words, then a space, then, the 2nd commandment has 17 Hebrew words, than a space, then the 3rd commandment has 54 Hebrew words, then space, 4th commandment has 14 words, then space, 5th has 2 words, then space, 6th has 2 words, then space, 7th has 2 words, then space, 8th has 5 words, than space, 9th has 4 words, then space and finally 10th has 11 words. Here in Exodus - The 9th command is - Do not covet anyone's house and the 10th is - Do not covet anyone's wife, servant, ox, donkey or anything that is of another. Again this is according to the spacing in the Hebrew Torah Scroll.

Yeshua said that all of the commandments were summed up in two words; To Love YHWH with all of your heart, mind, soul, and strength and the second like the first to love your neighbor as yourself. These two sum up the 10 words and the ten words sum up the 613.

10 Messages on 2 Tablets from 1 GOD --> pointing us to 1 Messiah + 1 Love from Heaven up above ~ 4 us here below ~ 2 help us to know ~ how to live + how to set ourselves apart + be a part of something bigger + better than ourselves ~ that being ~ GOD, His Son, His Spirit, His Love, His Grace, His Goodness, His Power, His Kingdom, His Plan, + His Purpose!

The Ten Words are a picture of the good news (gospel), redemption, and salvation. TEN is the number of order. The Ten Words are a picture of how we connect with our Creator through Messiah. The Ten Words are a picture of our love relationship with our Heavenly Father. When you think of the “Ten Words”, think of connecting with God and staying close to Him. At the heart of every “Word”, is the heartbeat of love from our Creator above.

The Hebrew letter - ALEPH - means = oxen, sacrificial ox, master, strength, leader, points us to the oneness of God, points is to the Almighty Adonai

The Hebrew letter - LAMED – means = to learn, to teach, tower soaring in air, flying tower, staff, goad, control, toward, supreme ruler, the tallest letter representing the King of kings

The Hebrew letter - TAV – means = stamp, seal, covenant, mark, cross, ancient of days

The Hebrew word - LO – means = do not, don’t, not, never, without (thou shalt not)

The Hebrew word "LO" is found a total of 13 times within this portion of Scriptures about the 10 Utterances, connecting it to the concept of Oneness (Echad) and love (Ahava), whose Hebrew translations have the value of 13.

There is a pattern as the numerical value of LO (Lamed-Aleph) is 31, or 13 reversed, its ordinal value is, 13.

Exodus 20:6 “I show love for thousands of generations,” the words for ‘love’ and ‘thousands’ both contain the prefix Lamed, making both words actually begin with LO (Lamed-Aleph).

This phrase in Exodus 20:6, “CHESED LA’ALAFIM” is at the heart of the 13 attributes of GOD. GOD is Love.

13 can mean chaos and rebelliousness. With these 2 additional ‘LO’ and 3 others that are concealed at the beginning of various words in these 13 verses we have a total of 18, which is universally known as the value of Chai (life). Life comes from Love and Love comes from GOD. To Love GOD is to truly live.

~ ~ sin - beginning with the letter "tav" ~ space ~ "LO (Lamed-Aleph) ~ ~

12 times, we see the word, LO (Lamed-Aleph) (sayings to us from GOD) and then a space (separation), then another word describing some bad action. 11 of those times the bad action starts with the letter “TAV”. So we have, Lamed-Aleph (space) Tav. 11 is the number of disorder. There is disorder whenever we are separated from GOD and order when we separate ourselves from bad actions.

This is telling us several things: Lamed (learn, go toward, soar with) Aleph (the Master, Strong Leader) {separate yourself} from the bad action that does not display the Love of GOD. “LO” - Lamed-Aleph is GOD (EL) spelled backwards. These bad actions pointing us to our sinful condition, separate us (distance us) from GOD.

How do we connect back with GOD from bad actions or this sinful condition?

The Hebrew word ET (Aleph-Tav) is an object marker and is silent. The Hebrew word, "ET" means a marker which marks the direct object in a sentence. We do not see it in our English translations of the Sriptures. ET is used over 11,000 times in the Tanakh.

"ET" (Aleph-Tav) is the first and the last letter of the alphabet. It represents the beginning and the end, the first and the last, all inclusive, eternal. "ET" represents Messiah Yeshua.

Aleph (Ox, Strong, leader, master, GOD) & Tav (mark, cross) ~ ~ God on the cross / Messiah Yeshua (Jesus) / the gospel / Salvation

Through the “Ten Words” we see over and over, Lamed (supreme ruler, King of kings) Aleph (stong leader, master) {space, separation} Tav (mark, cross)

~ ~ (tav ~ ~ space ~ ~ aleph) lamed ~ ~

This is telling us that GOD ("EL" aleph-lamed) sent His Son ("ET" aleph-tav) to die for our bad actions and connect us back to EL (GOD). Yeshua is the way, the truth and the life. Yeshua is the mediator between GOD and man.

Yeshua is the only One who can fill the gap of the bad actions/condition separating us from Elohim.

2Corinthians 5:21 For our sake GOD made Yeshua to be sin who knew no sin, so that in Him (Yeshua) we might become the righteousness of God.

by Jones Carl Jones