Parashah 23: P'kudei “Accounts)
Sh'mot “names” (Exodus) 38:21-40:38 Psalm 45
M'lakhim Alef (1 Kings) 7:51-8:21 Hebrews 8:1-13
by Messianic Teacher Dr. Daniel Boley
[In regular years read with Parashah 22; in leap years (according to the Hebrew lunar calendar) read separately.]
21 These are the accounts of the tabernacle, the tabernacle of the testimony, recorded, as Moshe ordered, by the L'vi'im under the direction of Itamar the son of Aharon, the cohen. 22 B'tzal'el the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Y'hudah, made everything that Adonai ordered Moshe to make. 23 Assisting him was Oholi'av the son of Achisamakh, of the tribe of Dan, who was an engraver, a designer and a weaver in colors – in blue, purple and scarlet yarn and in fine linen.
Exodus is one of the “Books of Moses,” but as we see here, he had competent help.
It is common practice to attribute great works to the responsible party, even though they may have had a lot of help.
Itamar [אִיתָמָר] (sometimes transliterated Ithamar, since the presence or absence of a dagesh [the dot sometimes found in the middle of a Hebrew letter] used to change the pronunciation of the tav: תּ = 't', ת = 'th'). Itamar means “coast of palms” from
אִי [“e”] meaning
Strong's: a habitable spot (as desirable); dry land, a coast, an island
BDB: coast, island, shore, region
תָּמָר [tah-mahr] meaning
Strong's: to be erect; a palm tree
BDB: a palm tree, a date palm
24 All the gold used for the work in everything needed for the sanctuary, the gold of the offering, weighted 29 talents 730 shekels [1,930 pounds], using the sanctuary shekel.
Although precious metal prices can fluctuate by the second, as of 08:15 on 08 Mar 16, CST, gold is averaging about $1,275 per ounce. There are approximately 14.583 troy ounces in an avoirdupois pound. Precious metals are always quoted in troy ounces (31.1 grams), as apposed to the standard avoirdupois ounce of 28 grams. (http://onlygold.com/Info/Value-Your-Weight-In-Gold.asp, accessed 08Mar16)
$1,275 per ounce X 14.582 troy ounces in an avoirdupois pound = $18,592.05 per pound.
$18,592.05 X 1,930 pounds = $35,882,656.00 in gold
$1,275 per ounce X 16 ounces in a standard pound = $20,400 per pound.
$20,400 X 1,930 pounds = $39,372,000.00 in gold
25 The silver given by the community weighed 100 talents 1,775 shekels [6,650 pounds], using the sanctuary shekel. 26 This was a beka per person, that is, half a shekel [one-fifth of an ounce], using the sanctuary shekel, for everyone twenty years old or older counted in the census, 603,550 men. 27 The hundred talents of silver were used to cast the sockets for the sanctuary and the sockets for the curtain – one hundred sockets made from the hundred talents, one talent [sixty-six pounds] per socket. 28 The 1,775 shekels [fifty pounds] he used to make hooks for the posts, to overlay their capitals and to make fasteners for them.
As of this writing, silver is priced at $15.71 per ounce. (www.apmex.com/spotprices/silver-prices, accessed 08Mar16)
$15.71 per ounce X 14.582 troy ounces in an avoirdupois pound = $229.08 per pound
$229.08 X 116 pounds = $26,573.28 in silver
$15.71 per ounce X 16 ounces in a standard pound = $251.36
$251.36 X 116 pounds = $29,157.76
Just looking at the gold and silver, at todays prices the Tabernacle would be worth between $35,882,682 and $39,401,157. This does not consider that worth of all the other materials used: e.g. wood, bronze, gem stones, yarn, linen, leather, etc., which were all of the highest possible quality.
By any way of reckoning, this was a work of extreme value; as is any work of Adonai.
To the casual observer looking at the outside of the mishkhan it might not seem to be much, it all being covered with leather and skins exposed to the weather. Its true value being covered, “hidden,” inside. At the heart of the Tabernacle, the Tent of Meeting, was ark of the covenant with the Word of the LORD and the manifestation of His presence.
To the casual observer, looking at the outside, we might not seem to be much, covered as we are with skin and exposed to the weather. As Christ / Messiah works in and on our lives, however, He prepares our hearts to be His temple where He will tabernacle with us. Our innermost being becomes the place where His Word is “hidden,” His covenant and His presence is made manifest, and it becomes more apparent that we are a work of an even more extreme value.
1 They made the garments “as Adonai had ordered Moshe”
2-5 They made the ritual vest, shoulder-pieces, and attachments “as Adonai had ordered Moshe”
6-7 They worked the onyx stones, engraved, and set them in place on the shoulder-pieces “as Adonai had ordered Moshe”
8-21 They made the breastplate and all its parts “as Adonai had ordered Moshe”
22-26 They made the robe “as Adonai had ordered Moshe”
27-29 They made the tunics “as Adonai had ordered Moshe”
30-31 They made the holy turban “as Adonai had ordered Moshe”
32 Thus all the work for the Tabernacle, the tent of meeting, was finished, with the people of Isra'el doing everything exactly as Adonai had ordered Moshe.
33-41 They furnished the Tabernacle with what had been made for it.
42 The people of Isra'el did all the work just as Adonai had ordered Moshe. 43 Moshe saw all the work, and – there it was! – they had done it! Exactly as Adonai had ordered, they had done it. And Moshe blessed them.
In Genesis 1, during the creation week, the LORD fashioned various things and saw that they were good, giving that creation His “stamp of approval,” e.g.:
vs 4 God saw that the light was good
vs 10 God called the dry land Earth, the gather together of the water He called Seas, and God saw that it was good
vs 12 The earth brought forth grass, plants each yielding its own king of seed, and trees each producing its own kind of seed-bearing fruit; and God saw that it was good
vs 17 God put them [the sun, moon, and stars He had just made] in the dome of the sky to give light to the earth, 18 to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good
Then, when the LORD created living creatures, He did something different; giving them not just His “stamp of approval” but He blessed them, e.g.:
vs 21 God created the great sea creatures and every living thing that creeps, so that the water swarmed with all kinds of them, and there was every kind of winged bird; and God saw that it was good. 22 Then God blessed them ….
vs 27 So God created humankind in His Own image; in the image of God He created Him: male and female He created them. 28 God blessed them ….
In a similar way, here in Exodus 39, when HaShem's ambassador saw all the creative type work they had done, that it had been done exactly as Adonai had ordered, Moshe blessed them.
Materials used included gold, silver, and precious stones which could be said to be representative:
gold: of our relationship with the LORD
silver: of the things we do for Him [gifts, offerings, ministry, etc.]
precious stones: of insights and understanding of Scripture He has given us
consider 1 Cor 3:10-15:
Using the grace God gave me, I laid a foundation, like a skilled master-builder; and another man is building on it. But let each one be careful how he builds. 11 For no one can lay any foundation other than the one already laid, which is Yeshua the Messiah. 12 Some will use gold, silver or precious stones in building on this foundation; while others will use wood, grass or straw. 13 But each one's work will be shown for what it is; the Day will disclose it, because it will be revealed by fire – the fire will test the quality of each one's work. 14 If the work someone has built on the foundation survives, he will receive a reward; 15 if it is burned up, he will have to bear the loss: he himself will still escape with his life, but it will be like escaping through a fire. (Emphasis original)
1 Adonai said to Moshe, 2 “On the first day of the first month, you are to set up the Tabernacle, the tent of meeting. ….
The Tabernacle and everything made for it, all “according to the design … shown you on the mountain,” is to be set up.
The LORD has a plan, a design, and a timing for everything He does.
9 Take the anointing oil, and anoint the Tabernacle and everything in it – consecrate it with all its furnishings; then it will be holy. 10 Anoint the altar for burnt offerings with all its utensils – consecrate the altar; then the altar will be especially holy. 11 Anoint the basin and its base, and consecrate it.
“anoint” here is the Hebrew word מָשַׁח [mah-shahk] meaning
Strong's: to rub with oil, i.e. to anoint; by implication, to consecrate; also to paint
BDB: to smear, to anoint, to spread a liquid; to anoint (as consecration); to anoint, to consecrate
it is from מָשַׁח that we get מָשִׁיחַ [mah-shiy-akh] meaning
Strong's: anointed; usually a consecrated person (as a king, priest, or saint); specifically, the Messiah
BDB: the anointed, the anointed one (used of: the Messiah, Messianic prince; the king of Israel; the high priest of Israel; Cyrus; the patriarchs as anointed kings)
Yeshua is the LORD's anointed Prophet, Priest, and King
“consecrated” here is from the Hebrew קָדַשׁ [kah-dahsh] meaning
Strong's: to be (causatively, make, pronounce or observe as) clean (ceremonially or morally)
BDB: to consecrate, to sanctify, to prepare, to dedicate, to be hallowed, to be holy, to be sanctified, to be separate. Here in the Piel imperfect: to set apart as sacred, to consecrate, to dedicate; to observe as holy, to keep sacred; to honor as sacred, to hallow; to consecrate
“Anointing” with oil is a physical act, whereas having “an anointing” refers to a service to and for God through which His Holy Spirit operates. “Consecrate” is a mental, emotional, and spiritual separation of something or someone for a very special purpose; especially for the LORD.
Anointing + consecration = holy
12 Then bring Aharon and his sons to the entrance of the tent of meeting and wash them with water.
As we come to the LORD, Who is our spiritual Husband, walk with and live for Him, it is important that we be washed with His Word (cf Eph 5:26)
13 Put the holy garments on Aharon, anoint him, and consecrate him, so that he can serve Me in the office of cohen. 14 Bring his sons, put tunics on them, 15 and anoint them as you anointed their father, so that they can serve Me in the office of cohen. Their anointing will signify that the office of cohen is theirs through all their generations.
Since the LORD is Sovereign, Omnipotent (All-Powerful), Omniscient (All-Knowing), and Eternal; and
the gifts and calling of the LORD are irrevocable (Rom 11:29); and
there are people who can trace their ancestry back to Aharon, so their generations are continuing; and
God made this promise to them
does that mean that there are descendants of Aharon serving as priests in body of Messiah (1 Cor 12:27) and will be in any future Temple?
16 Moshe did this – he acted in accordance with everything Adonai had ordered him to do.
19 … as Adonai had ordered Moshe
21 … as Adonai had ordered Moshe
23 … as Adonai had ordered Moshe
25 … as Adonai had ordered Moshe
27 … as Adonai had ordered Moshe
29 … as Adonai had ordered Moshe
32 … as Adonai had ordered Moshe
What a testimony to the faith, obedience, and loyalty of this man to the LORD, and to the relationship they had!
In this one passage this phrase is recorded eight times: eight being the number of new beginnings.
Now God's presence, manifested in the pillar of cloud by day and fire by night, would constantly be in the midst of His people.
God's covenant and relationship with His people has always been illustrated by fire. This can be seen from the very beginning. The first word in Scripture is בְּרֵאשִׁית , meaning “in the beginning.” In its middle we see the word for “fire” – אֵשׁ [ehsh]. The letters that proceed and follow אֵשׁ form the word for “covenant” – בְּרִית [beh-riyt].
At the heart of our covenant with the LORD is the fire of His presence.
Fire is seen in the sacrifices offered to Him (e.g. Gen 22:6-7)
In the burning bush (e.g. Ex 3:2)
In His presence on Sinai (e.g. Ex 19:18)
In the pillar of fire and cloud in the Tabernacle, leading His people through the wilderness (e.g. Ex 40:38)
On Mount Karmel (e.g. 1 Kings 18)
In His talidim (e.g. Acts 2)
Ex 25:8 is often translated, They are to make Me a sanctuary so that I may live “among them.” The Hebrew, however, is בְּתוֹכָם [beh-tō-khahm]: which can also mean that the LORD was telling them to make Him a sanctuary so that He could “live within” them.
The consonant that is pronounced in the word אֵשׁ is the שׁ, which is also a prominent central letter of the saying on the high priest's headband: קדש ליהוה “holiness to / for the LORD.”
It is the שׁ that reminds us of שַׁדָּי [Shaddai] “Almighty” and His שָׁלוֹם [shalom] “peace,” “completeness,” and “wholeness” that needs reign in our hearts and minds, but can only do so through His מָשִׁיחַ [Ma-shiy-akh]. It can also remind us of His
שָׁאַג [shah-ahg] roar as a lion and conqueror
שׁוֹפָר [shō-far] giving a clear sound of warning and victory
שָׁטָף [shah-tahf] gush, wash over, cleanse
שָׁלַג [shah-lahg] to be white as His Spirit cleanses us from sin
שָׁלָה [shah-lah] to be at rest, to prosper, to be quiet
but also of שָׂטָן [satan, pronounced “sah-tahn”] our adversary, who opposes the word of the LORD and counterfeits what he can so as to lead people away from the one true God.
This can be seen in the fact that phylacteries wore on the forehead and left hand bear the letter שׁ, pointing us to the LORD. Revelation tells us that the mark of the beast will be on the forehead (counterfeiting God's work and Word), and right hand (opposing God's work and Word), and his number is 666.
The letter שׁ is made up of three ו's firmly planted on the ground from which the LORD made man. ו is the sixth letter of the Hebrew aleph-bet and the number 6, and represents man and beast which were both created on the sixth day.
When man's relationship with God is broken and he is separated from his roots, (the שׁ is broken) and the ו's are left to their ungodly nature. This is represented by ו ו ו which is 666.
34 Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of Adonai filled the Tabernacle.
When we finish the work God has given us, we are covered with the presence of the LORD and He is glorified.
חָזַק הָזַק יְנִתְחַזֵּק [hazak, hazak, v'nit'chazek!] Be strong, be strong, and let us be strengthened!
This is repeated at the end of each book of Torah (in some congregations at the end of each Scripture reading).
Let us be strong in God's Word, in our convictions of faith in Him, in living our lives for Him, and in honoring Him with everything His allows us to work with and do.
Haven't you known, haven't you heard that the everlasting God, Adonai, the Creator of the ends of the earth, does not grow tired or weary? His understanding cannot be fathomed. 29 He invigorates the exhausted, He gives strength to the powerless. 30 Young men may grow tired and weary, even the fittest may stumble and fall; 31 but those who hope in Adonai will renew their strength, they will soar aloft as with eagles' wings; when they are running they won't grow weary, when they are walking they won't get tired. (Isa 40:28-31)