Parashah 22: Vayak'hel “He assembled”
Sh'mot “names” (Exodus) 35:1-38:20 Psalm 61
M'lakhim Alef (1 Kings) 7:13-50 Hebrews 9:1-11
by Messianic Teacher Dr. Daniel Boley
1 Moshe assembled the whole community of the people of Isra'el and said to them, “These are the things which Adonai has ordered you to do. 2 On six days work is to be done, but the seventh day is to be a holy day for you, a Shabbat of complete rest in honor of Adonai. Whoever does any work on it is to be put to death.
Though the Torah scrolls (the original manuscripts) have no chapter or verse markings, there are spaces that for at least the last 2,500 years have been recognized as separating the parashahs. This parashah begins with two ideas that can be contrasted, e.g.:
Shabbat points to יהוה, the Giver of Life Death is the antithesis of life
Shabbat points to the true God Constant work fosters a “god complex”
Shabbat encourages physical rest that allows the mind and body to recover Constant work wears at the mind and body breaking them down. As an old song says, “Late to bed and early to rise makes a man weary and cuts him down to size.”
Shabbat fosters dependance on the LORD, humility, community Constant work fosters independence, pride, selfishness
Shabbat focuses attention on God, His Word, will, and ways Constant work focuses on self
Shabbat fosters worship of the LORD Constant work fosters self-worship
Shabbat goes hand-in-hand with shalom: peace, completeness, wholeness, well-being that positively affects spirit, soul, and body Constant work goes hand-in-hand with stress, worry, and anxiety which can lead to hypertension, stroke, and heart-attack
3 You are not to kindle a fire in any of your homes on Shabbat.”
“kindle” here is the Hebrew word בָּעַר [ba-ar] meaning:
Strong's: to kindle, i.e. consume (by fire or by eating); also to be (become) brutish or stupid
BDB: to begin to burn, to be kindled, to start burning; to burn, to be burning; to burn, to consume; the LORD's wrath, human anger (figurative)
“fire” is אֵשׁ [esh] meaning: a fire, flames; a supernatural fire (accompanying theophany); a fire (for cooking, roasting, parching); an altar-fire; God's anger (figurative)
While the primary meaning seems to be not to start a fire at home on Shabbat, this verse can also reminds us to be careful not to be stupid, or allow ourselves to be consumed, by starting up / kindling someone's anger (including God's anger); especially in the home or on Shabbat!
איִשׁ [“eesh”] is “man” in Hebrew; אִשָׁה [“eesha”] is “woman” – take anything of the holy name of God (יהוה) out of it and you get אֵשׁ [ehsh] which is fire that can destroy
4 Moshe said to the whole community of the people of Isra'el, “Here is what Adonai has ordered: 5 Take up a collection for Adonai from among yourselves – anyone whose heart makes him willing is to bring the offering for Adonai: gold, silver and bronze;
There are occasional “mandatory” offerings and sacrifices that jerk us back to the fact that the LORD, He is God and not any created thing. By the command of God, however, most offerings are to be from a willing heart.
“... anyone whose heart makes him willing ….”
this parashah is the only place in Scripture that we hear of people being restrained from giving because there was already enough (Ex 36:6-7)
whatever touches our heart will also touch our wallets, and visa-versa
Bring the whole tenth into the storehouse, so that there will be food in my house, and put Me to the test, says Adonai-Tzva'ot. See if I won't open for you the floodgates of heaven and pour out for you a blessing far beyond your needs. (Mal 3:10)
Here's the point: he who plants sparingly also harvests sparingly. 7 Each should give according to what he has decided in his heart, not grudgingly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver. (2 Cor 9:6-7)
their heart made them willing, but there were parameters:
vs 5 gold, silver and bronze;
vs 6 blue, purple and scarlet yarn; fine linen, goat's hair,
vs 7 tanned ram skins and fine leather; acacia-wood;
vs 8 oil for the light, spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense;
vs 9 onyx stones and stones to be set, for the ritual vest and the breastplate
most anything of value to its owner can be offered to the LORD, but certain offerings and sacrifices are never acceptable, and were later written about, e.g.
strange fire – Lev 10:1-2
sacrificing children – Lev 20:2-5
an offering with a defect – Lev 22:20
an unclean animal – Lev 27:11
10 Then let all the craftsmen among you come and make everything Adonai has ordered
in the Hebrew this sentence is וְכָל־ חֲכַם־ לֵב בָּכֶם יָבֹאוּ וְיַעֲשׂוּ אֵת כָּל־ צִוָּה יהוה
וְכָל־ [veh-kōl] = and + all, every, the whole, any, each, anything, everything
חֲכַם־ [kha-kahm] = wise; skillful; wise (in administration); shrewd, crafty, cunning, wily, subtle; learned, shrewd (class of men); prudent; wise (ethically and religiously)
לֵב [lev] = heart; the midst (of things); the heart (of man); the soul, the heart (of man); the mind, knowledge, the thinking, reflection, the memory; inclination, resolution, determination (of will); the conscience; the heart (used of moral character); as the seat of the appetites; as seat of the emotions and the passions; as the seat of courage
בָּכֶם [ba-kehm] = in, on, with, among + you (masculine, plural)
יָבֹאוּ [ya-vō-u] = you (plural) shall come
וְיַעֲשׂוּ [veh-yeh-ya-su] = and you (plural) shall do, fashion, accomplish, make
אֵת [et] = direct object marker, untranslated in English
כָּל־ [kol] = all, every, the whole, any, each, anything, everything
אֲשֶׁר [eh-shehr] = who, which, what, that; also (as an adverb and a conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that ….
צִוָּה [tzi-vah] = to command, to charge, to give orders, to lay charge, to give charge to, to order
יהוה [yud-hey-vav-hey] = the holy name of the LORD
The call is for all the craftsmen among the people to come and make everything the LORD has ordered them, but also
the calling is for all among the people that are wise of heart
those who are wise minded
wise in their knowledge and thinking
wise in their inclinations and resolutions
wise in their determinations
wise in their appetites, emotions, and passions
wise in their courage
they shall come and do all that the LORD commands
as the old saying goes, “The LORD's commandments are His enablings.”
what He commands His people to do, He enables them to do; to accomplish His will
20 Then the whole community of the people of Isra'el withdrew from Moshe's presence; 21 and they came, everyone whose heart stirred him and everyone whose spirit made him willing, and brought Adonai's offering for the work on the tent of meeting, for the service in it and for the holy garments.
everyone whose heart stirred him
“stirred” here comes from the Hebrew נָשָׂא [nah-sah] (here in the Qal verb form) meaning: to lift, to lift up; to bear, to carry, to support, to sustain, to endure; to take, to take away, to carry off, to forgive
their hearts were lifted up and carried away by the LORD to give what they had to support His work
Here's the point: he who plants sparingly also harvests sparingly, and he who sows generously will also reap generously. 7 Each should give according to what he has decided in his heart, not grudgingly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver. 8 Moreover, God has the power to provide you with every gracious gift in abundance, so that always in every way you will have all you need yourselves and be able to provide abundantly for every good cause – 9 as the Tanakh says, “He gave generously to the poor; His tzedakah lasts forever.” 10 He who provides both seed for the planter and bread for food will supply and multiply you seed and increase the harvest of your tzedakah. 11 You will be enriched in every way, so that can be generous in everything. And through us your generosity will cause people to thank God, 12 because rendering this holy service not only provides for the needs of God's people, but it also overflows in the many thanks people will be giving to God. 13 In offering this service you prove to these people that you glorify God by actually doing what your acknowledgement of the Good News of the Messiah requires, namely, sharing generously with them and with everyone. (2 Cor 9:6-13, emphasis original)
and everyone whose spirit made him willing
“spirit” here comes from the Hebrew רוּחַ [ru-akh] meaning:
Strong's: wind; by resemblance breath, i.e. a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively, life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension, a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions)
b) a wind: used of heaven; a quarter (used of the wind), a side; a breath of air; air, gas; vain, an empty thing
c) spirit (as what breathes quickly in animation or agitation): spirit, animation, vivacity, vigor; courage; temper, anger; impatience, patience; spirit, disposition (as troubled, bitter, discontented); disposition (used of various kinds), unaccountable or uncontrollable impulse; prophetic spirit
d) spirit (used of the living, breathing being in man and animals); as gift, preserved by God, God's spirit, departing at death, a disembodied being
e) the spirit (as the seat of emotion): desire; sorrow, trouble
f) the spirit: as the seat or organ of mental acts; rarely used of the will; as the seat (especially) of moral character
g) the Spirit of God: as an inspiring ecstatic state of prophecy; as an impelling prophet to utter instruction or a warning; imparting a war-like energy and executive and administrative power; as endowing men with various gifts; as an energy of life; an ancient angel and later the Shekinah
“willing” here comes from the Hebrew נָדַב [nah-dahv] meaning:
Strong's: to impel; hence, to volunteer (as a soldier), to present spontaneously
BDB: to incite, to impel, to make willing
the dictionary defines “impel” as “drive, force, or urge (someone) to do something; drive forward; propel”
… Understand this: no prophecy of Scripture is to be interpreted by an individual on his own; 21 for never has a prophecy come as a result of human willing – on the contrary, people moved by the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) spoke a message from God. 2 Pet 1:20-21
In a similar way the people in Exodus 35 were moved by God's Holy Spirit to contribute to His service, which in turn would serve them.
22 Both men and women came, as many as had willing hearts; they brought nose-rings, earrings, signet-rings, belts, all kinds of gold jewelry – everyone bringing an offering of gold to Adonai. … 29 Thus every man and woman of the people of Isra'el whose heart impelled him to contribute to any of the work Adonai had ordered through Moshe brought it to Adonai as a voluntary offering.
Men AND women came
everyone created in the image of God has a place in ministry to God
Gen 1:27 So God created humankind in His Own image; in the image of God He created him: male and female He created them.
Man's reflection of the image of God is incomplete in himself. Woman's reflection of the image of God is incomplete in herself. Together the two can better reflect the image and character of HaShem.
Gen 1:28 God blessed them: God said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish in the sea, the birds in the air and every living creature that crawls on the earth.
The LORD blessed them. Who? The man and the woman He had just made; the only two human beings there were.
God then commissioned and commanded them to be fruitful, multiply, fill and subdue the earth and to rule.
Male and female “co-creators” with God.
Male and female “co-rulers” with God.
Our congregational cantor sent me this thought:
The reason the Almighty did not give His seal of approval by pronouncing va'yar Elohim Ki tov [and God saw (that it was) very good; Gen 1:31] after creating man is simple. He saw Himself in His creation since man was created in His image. He also did not pronounce va'yat Elohim ki tov at the inspection by Moshe because the tabernacle is a copy of the heavenly tabernacle. It needed no approval either. The tabernacle too was considered something alive/living because Elohim blesses living entities and approves of nonliving things. Ultimately His plan for us is that we become the stature of His son Yeshua which He considered perfection [as we see in the B'rit passages].
Then Kefa addressed them: “I now understand that God does not play favorites, 35 but that whoever fears Him and does what is right is acceptable to Him, no matter what people he belongs to. Acts 10:34-35
They brought to the LORD an offering from what He had given them.
As Creator, LORD, Master, and Sovereign everything belongs to Him.
The earth is Adonai's, with all that is in it, the world and those who live there. Ps 24:1
The heavens are Yours, and the earth is Yours; You founded the world and everything in it. Ps 89:11 (also 1 Cor 10:26)
We belong to HaShem
For none of us lives only in relation to himself, and none of us dies only in relation to himself; 8 for if we live, we live in relation to the Lord; and if we die, we die in relation to the Lord. So whether we live or die, we belong to the Lord. Rom 14:7-8
Or don't you know that your body is a temple for the Ruach HaKodesh Who lives inside you, Whom you received from God? The fact is, you don't belong to yourselves; 20 for you were bought at a price. So use your bodies to glorify God. 1 Cor 6:19-20
a voluntary offering
We can try to hold on to whatever material “treasures” we think we have, but it won't work.
Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal; 20 but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys and where thieves do not break in and steal. 21 For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also. Matt 6:19-21
Yeshua helps us understand in these verses why, for the child of God, there will never be a total contentment and settled peace with our circumstances here on earth: our hearts are not in it – our hearts are in heaven.
We were created to be channels of God's blessings. As long as we follow Yeshua / Jesus and allow those blessings to flow to others, they can continue unimpeded. If we ever begin to hoard them, it dams the flow and things begin to stagnate and rot.
Freely you have received, freely give. Matt 10:8
But God said to him, 'Fool! This night your soul will be required of you; then whose will those things be which you have provided?' 21 So is he who lays up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God. Luke 12:20-21
30 Moshe said to the people of Isra'el, “See, Adonai has singled out B'tzal'el the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Y'hudah.
Moshe (מֹשֶׁה) = “drawn”
B'tzal'el (בְּצַלְאֵל) = “in the shadow (that is, protection) of God”
Uri (ארּרִי) = “fiery”
Hur (הוּר) = “hole”
Y'hudah (יְהוּדָה) = “praise”
31 He has filled him with the Spirit of God – with wisdom, understanding and knowledge concerning every kind of artisanry. 32 He is a master of design in gold, silver, bronze, 33 cutting precious stones to be set, woodcarving and every other craft.
B'tzal'el was “a master of design” because he was filled with the Spirit of God Who alone gives wisdom, understanding and knowledge.
He was an “under-creator,” creating things of beauty and majesty because he had been given wisdom, understanding, knowledge, and ability by the Master-Creator.
Just as pastors and rabbis are “under-shepherds” working for the Master-Shepherd. doctors are “under-physicians” doing the work of the Master-Physician, and teachers are “under-teachers” to be following the Master-Teacher:
34 [Adonai] has also given him and Oholi'av the son of Achisamakh, of the tribe of Dan the ability to teach others.
1 B'tzal'el and Oholi'av, along with all the craftsmen whom Adonai has endowed with the wisdom and skill necessary to carry out the work needed for the sanctuary, are to do exactly according to everything Adonai had ordered.”
When the LORD has given any of us certain gifts, abilities, wisdom and skill necessary to carry out a work, we are to do exactly according to everything Adonai has ordered.
2 Moshe summoned B'tzal'el, Oholi'av and every craftsman to whom Adonai had given wisdom, everyone who heart stirred him, to come and take part in the work.
Just as it is the LORD Who gives wisdom, abilities, gifts, talents, etc., it is the LORD Who stirs hearts to come and take part in the work.
3 They received from Moshe all the offering which the people of Isra'el had brought for the work of building the sanctuary. But they still kept bringing voluntary offerings every morning, 4 until all the craftsmen doing the work for the sanctuary left the work they were involved with 5 to tell Moshe, “The people are bringing far more than is needed to do the work Adonai has ordered done.”
See note on Ex 35:4-5 above
14 He made sheets of goat's hair to be used as a tent covering the tabernacle; he made eleven sheets.
Certain fibers, such as goat's hair, swells when it gets wet. When it is made into fabric it breathes, allowing air to pass through while providing shade. When it gets wet, the fibers swell, tightening the weave and making it water proof.
Cotton acts the same way, which is why Navy uniforms are 100% cotton. In an emergency every piece of clothing can be used as an auxiliary floatation device. As long as the material remains wet it will hold air. (That's also a reason why the uniforms have to be in good condition – holes let the air out.)
A Google search for “goat hair wool” shows there are three types: mohair, produced by Angora goats, Cashmere, and the Pygora (a recent – early 1980's – hybrid cross between an Angora and a Pygmy [http://www.pcagoats.org/pcagoats_fiber_descriptions.shtml, accessed 13 Mar 15].
Mohair is usually a silk-like fabric or yarn made from the hair of the Angora goat. Both durable and resilient, mohair is notable for its high luster and sheen, which has helped give it the nickname the "Diamond Fiber", and is often used in fiber blends to add these qualities to a textile. Mohair takes dye exceptionally well. Mohair is warm in winter as it has excellent insulating properties, while remaining cool in summer due to its moisture wicking properties. It is durable, naturally elastic, flame resistant, crease resistant, and does not felt. It is considered to be a luxury fiber, like cashmere, angora and silk, and is usually more expensive than most wool that comes from sheep. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohair, accessed 13 Mar 15]
Cashmere wool, usually simply known as cashmere, is a fiber obtained from cashmere goats and other types of goat. Common usage defines the fiber as a wool but in fact it is a hair, and this is what gives it its unique characteristics as compared to sheep's wool. The word cashmere is an old spelling of Kashmir. Cashmere is fine in texture, strong, light, and soft. Garments made from it provide excellent insulation. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cashmere_wool, accessed 13 Mar 15]
19 He made a covering for the tent of tanned ram skins and an outer covering of fine leather.
For His priests doing His work and worshipping Him, the LORD has provided a tabernacle for shade in the daytime from the heat, that will also provide refuge and cover from storm and rain (see Isa 4:6).
Those that dwell in God's house shall find, be the tempest ever so violent, or the dropping ever so continual, it does not rain in. (Matthew Henry's Commentary)
20 He made the upright planks of acacia-wood for the tabernacle. … 22 … and the planks were joined one to another. This is how he made all the planks for the tabernacle. … 31 He made crossbars of acacia-wood … 34 He overlaid the planks with gold, made gold rings for them through which the crossbars could pass and overlaid the crossbars with gold.
After the hard wood was cut down, sawn, shaped and sanded, it was covered with gold and fitted together with others like it, serving together and, in a special way, housing the presence of God – a lot like us.
Don't you know that you people are God's temple and that God's Spirit lives in you? 17 So if anyone destroys God's temple, God will destroy him. For God's temple is holy, and you yourselves are that temple. (1 Cor 3:16-17)
Or don't you know that your body is a temple for the Ruach HaKodesh Who lives inside you, Whom you received from God? The fact is, you don't belong to yourselves; 20 for you were bought at a price. So use your bodies to glorify God. (1 Cor 6:19-20)
What agreement can there be between the temple of God and idols? For we are the temple of the living God – as God said “I will house myself in them, … and I will walk among you. I will be their God, and they will be My people.” (2 Cor 6:16: cf Lev 26:11-12; Ezek 37:26-27; John 1:14)
1 B'tzal'el made the ark of acacia-wood three-and-three-quarters feet long, two-and-a-quarter feet wide and two-and-a-quarter feet high. 2 He overlaid it with pure gold inside and outside and put a molding of gold for it around the top.
Even the ark itself, which was in the Most Holy Place, was made of acacia-wood overlaid with pure gold.
Yet it still needed a covering purer still ….
6 He made a cover for the ark of pure gold, three-and-three-quarters feet long and two-and-a-quarter feet wide.
While we need to be “overlaid” with the purity of God, inside we are still hard wood and made of dust.
We still need a covering that is pure through and through.
To the casual observer, the covering looked to be made of the same material as the ark.
Our covering, top, and head is Christ, (Eph 4:15; 5:23; Col 1:18; 2:10) Who was made to be like us in every way (He was 100% human), and yet in a way that is wonderful and not totally comprehensible, He was 100% God as well. The theological term to describe this unique union of humanity and divinity in Yeshua is the “hypostatic union.”
Some verses that tell us Christ was human include (these are a few examples):
He human parentage:
Mary / Miryam was found to be pregnant from the Ruach HaKodesh (Matt 1:18).
The child with Mary His mother (Matt 2:11).
His mother and brothers appeared outside (Matt 12:46).
Isn't He the carpenter's Son? (Matt 13:55).
Every year Yeshua's parents went the Yerushalayim for the festival of Pesach (Luke 2:41).
The Word became a human being and lived with us (John 1:14).
God has brought to Isra'el from this man's descendants a deliver, Yeshua (Acts 13:23).
He is descended from David physically (Rom 1:3).
He was born from a woman (Gal 4:4).
Subject to ordinary development:
The child grew and became strong and filled with wisdom (Luke 2:40).
He was sitting in the Temple court among the rabbis, not only listening to them but questioning what they said (Luke 2:46).
He went with them to Natzeret and was obedient to them (Luke 2:51).
Yeshua grew both in wisdom and in stature, gaining favor both with other people and with God (Luke 2:52).
He had the appearance of a man:
How is it that You, a Jew, ask for water from me, a woman of Shomron? (For Jews don't associate with people from Shomron.) (John 4:9).
The talmidim on the road to Amma'us [Emmaus] took Him for an ordinary man (Luke 24:13ff).
Miryam [Mary] mistook Yeshua for the gardener (John 20:15).
His talmidim saw Jesus on the shore but didn't know it was Him (John 21:4-5).
He had a human physical nature of body, soul, and spirit:
She poured this perfume on Me to prepare My body for burial (Matt 26:12).
My heart (soul) is so filled with sadness that I could die! (Matt 26:38).
“Father! Into Your hands I commit My spirit.” (Luke 23:46)
Look at My hands and My feet – it is I, Myself! Touch Me and see (Luke 24:39).
The Word became a human being (John 1:14).
Since the children share a common physical nature as human beings, He became like them and shared that same nature (Heb 2:14).
He was subject to the sinless infirmities of human nature:
He was hungry (Matt 4:2).
But Yeshua was sleeping (Matt 8:24).
He mourned over Jerusalem (Matt 23:3).
Yeshua, exhausted from His travel, sat down by the well (John 4:6).
Jesus wept at Lazarus' tomb (John 11:35). I thirst (John 19:28).
And, letting His head droop, He delivered up His spirit (John 19:30).
In every respect He was tempted just as we are (Heb 4:15).
Called by human names and titles:
You are to name Him Jesus (Matt 1:21).
Jesus of Nazareth [Yeshua from Natzeret] (Acts 2:22).
The man Christ Jesus (1 Tim 2:5). Son of Man (80x in the Gospels).
Some verses that tell us Christ was divine include:
Divine names / titles are given to Him:
The Word was God (John 1:1).
T'oma answered Him, “My Lord and my God!” (John 20:28).
But to the Son, He says, “Your throne, O God, will last forever and ever...” (Heb 1:8).
Yeshua the Messiah He is the genuine God and eternal life (1 John 5:20).
Son of God:
(40x plus in New Testament)
He did say, “I'm the Son of God”! (Matt 27:43).
Are You the Mashiach, Ben-HaM'vorakh [Christ, Son of the Blessed One]? I AM (Mark 14:61-62).
The Word was God (John 1:1). The dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who listen will come to life (John 5:25).
This sickness will not end in death. No, it is for God's glory, so that the Son of God may receive glory through it (John 11:4).
Jesus claims that the Holy Spirit, through David, calls Him Lord (Matt 22:43-45).
There was born for you a Deliverer Who is the Messiah, the Lord (Luke 2:11).
The emissaries continued testifying to the resurrection of the Lord Yeshua (Acts 4:33).
Placing his hands on him, he said, “Brother Sha'ul, the Lord – Yeshua, the One Who appeared to you on the road as you were coming here – has sent me so that you may see again and be filled with the Ruach HaKodesh” (Acts 9:17).
Trust in the Lord Yeshua, and you will be saved (Acts 16:31).
Other divine names ascribed to Him:
The First and the Last (Rev 1:17, cf Isa. 41:4; 44:6; 48:12).
The Alpha and Omega [Aleph and Tav (Rev 22:13, 16, cf 1:8 where it is used of God).
Divine worship given to, and received by, Jesus:
They prostrated themselves and worshipped Him (Matt 2:11). So that all may honor the Son as they honor the Father. Whoever fails to honor the Son is not honoring the Father Who sent Him (John 5:22). And again, when God brings His Firstborn into the world, He says, “Let all God's angels worship Him” (Heb 1:6). That in honor of the Name given Yeshua, every knee will bow – in heaven, on earth and under the earth – and every tongue will acknowledge that Yeshua the Messiah is Adonai – to the glory of God the Father (Phil 2:10-11).
Yeshua possess qualities and properties of Deity
Pre-existence: In the beginning (John 1:1, cf Gen 1:1). Before Avraham was, I AM (John 8:58). Now, Father, glorify Me alongside Yourself. Give Me the same glory I had with You before the world existed (John 17:5). Though He was in the form of God, He did not regard equality with God something to be possessed by force (Phil 2:6). He is the visible image of the invisible God. He is supreme over all creation because in connection with Him were created all things – in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones, lordships, rulers or authorities – they have all been created through Him and for Him. He existed before all things, and He holds everything together (Col 1:15-17).
Self-existence and life-giving power: In Him was life (John 1:4). Just as the Father raises the dead and makes them alive, so too the Son makes alive anyone He wants. … For just as the Father has life in Himself, so He has given the Son life to have in Himself (John 5:21, 26). Also see 14:6; Heb 7:16; John 17:3-5; 10:17-18. These verses teach that all life – physical, moral, spiritual, eternal – has its source in Christ / Messiah.
Immutability: … You remain the same, Your years will never end (Heb 1:12). Yeshua the Messiah is the same yesterday, today and forever (Heb 13:8).
All the fulness of the godhead dwelt in Him: For in Him, bodily, lives the fullness of all that God is (Col 2:9).
Divine offices are ascribed to Him:
Creator: All things came to be through Him, and without Him nothing made had being (John 1:3). He is the visible image of the invisible God. He is supreme over all creation, because in connection with Him were created all things – in heaen and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones, lordships, rulers or authorities – they have have all been created through Him and for Him. He existed before all things, and He holds everything together (Col 1:15-17). But to the Son, He says … In the beginning, Adonai, You laid the foundations of the earth; heaven is the work of Your hands (Heb 1:8-10).
Upholder of all things: He [Yeshua] existed before all things, and He holds everything together (Col 1:17). This Son is the radiance of the Sh'khinah, the very expression of God's essence, upholding all that exists by His powerful word; and after He had, through Himself, made purification for sins, He sat down at the right hand of HaG'dulah BaM'romin [the great Majesty in the heights] (Heb 1:3).
Right to forgive sins: “But look! I will prove to you that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins.” He then said to the paralytic, “I say to you: get up, pick up your stretcher and go home!” In front of everyone the man got up, picked up his stretcher at once and left (Mark 2:10-11a). Then he said to her, “Your sins have been forgiven” (Luke 7:48).
Resurrector of the dead: While He was still speaking, people from the synagogue official's house came, saying, “Your daughter has died. Why bother the Rabbi any longer?” … Taking her by the hand, He said to her, “Talita, kumi!” (which means “Little girl, I say to you, get up!”). At once the girl got up and began walking around; she was twelve years old (Mark 5:35, 42) When the Lord saw her, He felt compassion for her and said to her, “Don't cry.” Then He came close and touched the coffin, and the pallbearers halted. He said, “Young man, I say to you: get up!” The dead man sat up and began to speak, and Yeshua gave him to his mother (Luke 7:14-15). “And this is the will of the One Who sent Me: that I should not lose any of all those He has given Me but should raise them up on the Last Day. Yes, this is the will of My Father: that all who see the Son and trust in Him should have eternal life, and that I should raise them up on the Last Day” (John 6:39-40). Whoever eats My flesh and drinks My blood has eternal life – that is, I will raise him up on the Last Day (John 6:54). Yeshua said to her, “I AM the Resurrection and the Life! Whoever puts his trust in Me will live, even if he dies” (John 11:25) Having said this, He shouted, “El'azar! Come out!” The man who had been dead came out, his hans and feet wrapped in strips of linen and his face covered with a cloth. Yeshua said to them, “Unwrap him, and let him go!” (John 11:43-44)
Judge of all men: When the Son of Man comes in His glory, accompanied by all the angels, He will sit on His glorious throne. All the nations will be assembled before Him, and He will separate people one from another as a shepherd separates sheep from goats (Matt 25:31-32). The Father does not judge anyone but has entrusted all judgment to the Son (John 5:22). Then He commanded us to proclaim and attest to the Jewish people that this Man has been appointed by God to judge the living and the dead (Acts 10:42). I solemnly charge you before God and the Messiah Yeshua, Who will judge the living and the dead when He appears and establishes His Kingdom … (2 Tim 4:1).
Divine attributes possessed by Him:
Yeshua came and talked with them. He said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to Me” (Matt 28:18).
After Yeshua had said these things, He looked up toward heaven and said, “Father, the time has come. Glorify Your Son, so that the Son may glorify You – just as You gave Him authority over all mankind, so that He might give eternal life to all those whom You have given Him (John 17:1-2).
I pray that He will give light to the eyes of your hearts, so that you will understand the hope to which He has called you, what rich glories there are in the inheritance He has promised His people, and how surpassingly great is His power working in us who trust Him. It works with the same mighty strength He used when He worked in the Messiah to raise Him from the dead and seat Him at His right hand in heaven, far above every ruler, authority, power, dominion or any other name that can be named either in the 'olam hazeh or in the 'olam haba. Also He has put all things under His feet and made Him head over everything for the Messianic Community, which is His body, the full expression of Him Who fills all creation (Eph 1:18-23).
But immediately Yeshua, perceiving in His spirit what they were thinking, said to them, “Why are you thinking these things?” (Mark 2:8).
Natan'el said to Him, “How do You know me?” Yeshua answered him, “Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you” (John 1:48).
But He did not commit Himself to them, for He knew what people are like – that is He didn't need anyone to inform Him about a person, because He knew what was in the person's heart (John 2:24-25).
He said to her, “Go, call your husband, and come back,” She answered, “I don't have a husband.” Yeshua said to her, “You're right, you don't have a husband! You've had five husbands in the past, and you're not married to the man you're living with now! You've spoken the truth!” (John 4:16-18).
It is in Him that all the treasure of wisdom and knowledge are hidden (Col 2:3).
For wherever two or three are assembled in My name, I am there with them (Matt 18:20).
and teaching them to obey everything that I have commanded you. And remember! I will be with you always, yes, even until the end of the age (Matt 28:20).
To: God's Messianic community in Corinth, consisting of those who have been set apart by Yeshua the Messiah and called to be God's holy people – along with everyone everywhere who calls on the Name of our Lord Yeshua the Messiah, their Lord as well as ours (1 Cor 1:2).
Also He has put all things under His feet and made Him head over everything for the Messianic Community, which is His body, the full expression of Him Who fills all creation (Eph 1:22-23).
Claimed to be equal with God:
This answer made the Judeans all the more intent on killing Him – not only was He breaking Shabbat; but also, by saying that God was His own Father, He was claiming equality with God (John 5:18).
Yeshua said to them, “Yes, indeed! Before Avraham came into being, I AM!” (John 8:58).
I and the Father are one (John 10:30).
The Judeans replied, “We are not stoning you for any good deed, but for blasphemy – because You, Who are only a man, are making Yourself out to be God” (John 10:33).
Yeshua replied to him, “Have I been with you so long without your knowing me, Philip? Whoever has seen Me has seen the Father; so how can you say, 'Show us the Father'?” (John 14:9).
His name coupled with that of God the Father, indicating equality:
The grace of the Lord Yeshua the Messian, the love of God and the fellowship of the Ruach HaKodesh be with you all (2 Cor 13:14).
“Immersion / baptismal formula”:
Therefore, go and make people from all nations into talmidim, immersing them into the reality of the Father, the Son and the Ruach HaKodesh, and teaching them to obey everything that I have commanded you … (Matt 28:19-20a).
Kefa answered them, “Turn from sin, return to God, and each of you be immersed on the authority of Yeshua the Messiah into forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Ruach HaKodesh! For the promise is for you, for your children, and for those far away – as many as Adonai our God may call!” (Acts 2:38-39).
You are to name Him Yeshua (יֵשׁוּעַ)[which means 'Adonai saves,'] because He will save [yasha' – יָשַׁע] His people from their sins (Matt 1:21).