Parashah Studies

בְּהַר

B'Har

which means "on the mount"

Leviticus 25:1 - 26:2; Jeremiah 32:6-27; Luke 4:16-21


 

The Jubilee and the Sabbaths both bear testimony  to Elohim's creation of the universe in six days and His rest on the seventh. They allude to the six thousand years of history and the seventh millennium. They point us to the past and they point us to the future.

The Sabbatical Year (Shemittah) was called Seventh Year, Sabbath of the land and the Year of Release. Every 7 years the land had to rest. (no plowing or sowing) Crops that sprang up were accessible to anyone. Any produce which grew was eaten and could not be stored. Debts were released. It was a special grace period in which debt was not pressed. Since no fields were worked, there was no income and therefore debts were postponed.

The land Sabbath teaches that our means of producing an income belongs entirely to YHVH. The land Sabbath forced the Israelites to depend totally on YHVH to provide.

(YHVH represents God’s holy name. These four letters, called the tetragrammaton, are pronounced, Yud-Heh-Vav-Heh. There are many different opinions as to how exactly the name is to be pronounced or if it should even be pronounced at all. The name means, ‘He shall be’, The letters mean, ‘Hand~Behold~Nail~Behold’. The Name points us to Yeshua (Jesus) the Messiah, His Sacrifice and the wonderful good news of Salvation. In this article, when you see and read this “YHVH”, you could choose to say, Yud~Heh~Vav~Heh, HaShem, Adonai, The LORD, The Living Omnipresent Ruler Divine, The Eternal, The Almighty or something similar. If you wish to try and pronounce the name, please do so respectfully and reverently.)


Lev 25:17  And you shall not oppress one another. But you shall fear your Eloheem. For I am YHVH your Eloheem.
Lev 25:18  And you shall do My statutes, and keep My judgments and do them. And you shall dwell in the land in safety.
Lev 25:19  And the land shall yield its fruits, and you shall eat your fill and dwell in it in safety.
Lev 25:20  And if you shall say, What shall we eat the seventh year? Behold, we shall not sow nor gather in our increase!
Lev 25:21  Then I will command My blessing on you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth fruit for three years.
Lev 25:22  And you shall sow the eighth year, and eat of old fruit until the ninth year; until its fruits come in, you shall eat the old fruit.
Lev 25:23  The land shall not be sold forever; for the land is Mine. For you are strangers and pilgrims with Me.


Israel did not keep the land Sabbaths for 490 years. This led to their captivity for 70 years -- one year for each of the 70 land Sabbaths missed.

2Ch 36:21  to fulfill the word of YHVH by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its Sabbaths. All the days that it lay desolate it kept Sabbath, to fulfill seventy years.

Jubilee - Yovel (rams horn trumpet)

The arrival of the jubilee year was announced on Yom Kippur with the blast of a shofar. This was points to and pictures "final redemption, the return of Messiah.

During Yovel, the land still rested, real estate was to be returned to its original owner and slaves were to go free.

Yovel took place every 50 years (after 7 Land Sabbaths).

Everything revolves around the number 7.
G-d rested on the 7th day of creation.
7 ordained mo'edim. Shabbat on 7th day.
7th month (Tishri) was to be holy
Blood sprinkled 7 times on Yom Kippur
7 weeks counting omer before Shavu'ot
Menorah has 7 branches
The Temple has 7 gates
There are 7 assemblies addressed in Revelations
There are 7 years of tribulation
When is the year of Jubilee?


Event    Jubilee    Years
Birth of Abraham    40th    2000
Exodus    50th    2500
Dedication of Solomon's temple    60th    3000
Decree to Rebuild Jerusalem    70th    3500
Death and Resurrection of Jesus    80th    4000
Consummation    120th    6000


In short, the answer to your question is that the Jubilee year is currently not observed or commemorated. The reasons for this are complex and involve many different opinions on the matter. In the following lines I will attempt to briefly relay the relevant issues.
According to Biblical law, the Jubilee is only observed when all Twelve Tribes of the Jewish nation are living in Israel, as is learned from the verse.1 "And you shall sanctify the fiftieth year, and proclaim freedom throughout the land for all who live on it," which implies that the Jubilee is only sanctified when "all who live on it" -- meaning all who are meant to be living there -- are in the Land of Israel. Furthermore, the Jubilee is only observed when every tribe is living in the specific part of the land which was it was allotted when the Land of Israel was divided. However, some are of the opinion that the Jubilee is observed as long as there is a partial representation of each tribe, even if most of the tribe is not in Israel.
According to William Whiston's footnotes to Josephus, 24 B.C. was a Sabbatical year, and 23 B.C. was a Jubilee year. This would mean that A.D. 27 was a Sabbatical year, and A.D. 28 was a Jubilee year. If this is true, then 1977 was a Sabbatical year and 1978 a Jubilee year. Sabbatical years would occur in 1985, 1992, 1999, 2006, 2013, 2020 and 2027, with the next Jubilee in 2028.

Lev 26:2  You shall keep My sabbaths and revere My sanctuary. I am YHVH.


Heb 11:1  Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.
Heb 11:2  For by this the elders obtained testimony.
Heb 11:3  By faith we understand the ages to have been prepared by the spoken word of Eloheem, so that what is seen should not come into being out of things that appear.
Heb 11:4  By faith Hevel offered a better sacrifice to Eloheem than Kayin, through which he obtained testimony to be righteous, Eloheem testifying over his gifts; and through it, having died, he yet speaks.
Heb 11:5  By faith Chanoch was translated so that he should not see death; and he was not found because Eloheem translated him. For before his translation he obtained testimony to have been pleasing to Eloheem.
Heb 11:6  And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who draws near to Eloheem must believe that He is, and that He is a Rewarder of those who seek Him.

Seek Elohim. Keep & Observe His Shabbatot.
One day we will all keep the land Sabbaths and Yovel.
The things that are important to us in this fallen dark
world will probably not even exist one day.
When we are with Yeshua in New Yerushalayim: there will probably not be cell phones, internet, emails, televisions, computers, movie theaters, professional sports, movie stars, rock stars, automobiles, gasoline, planes, trains, etc.

There is only one life and it soon will pass.
Only what’s done for YHVH will last.


Parashah Schedule

To view the current week's reading, view the schedule.

What's a Parashah?

Parashah is a Hebrew word that means portion. 

Synagogues around the world read the same parashah each Shabbat. The Torah is divided into 54 weekly portions so that the whole Torah is read annually. Selections from the Haftarah (Prophets) are also read each week, and in Messianic congregations, selections from the Brit Chadashah (New Testament) are included. Holiday selections are also listed for the Feast Days.

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