Parashah 45: Va'etchanan “and I pleaded”
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 3:23-7:11 Psalm 90
Yesha'yahu (Isaiah) 40:1-26 Mattityahu (Matthew) 23:31-39
by Messianic Teacher Dr. Daniel Boley
23 Then I pleaded with Adonai, 24 'Adonai ELOHIM …
“Adonai ELOHIM” here is, in the Hebrew: אֲדֹנָי יהוה
In many English Bibles the holy name of God (יהוה) is rendered “LORD” (with all capital letters). In some, such as the Complete Jewish Bible יהוה is rendered as Adonai (“my Lord,” or “my Master”) thus aiding to preserve the sanctity of the Name as well as acknowledging His lordship over us and our servitude to Him.
In verses such as this where we find the word (title / name) Adonai used in reference to the LORD along with יהוה, another word or title must be used. Here we see ELOHIM used, which technically is אֱלֹהִים in Hebrew.
Strong's: gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative; plural of אֱלוֹהַּ meaning:
Strong's: probably prolonged (emphat.) from אֵל ; a deity or the Deity
BDB: the one true God; a false god
Strong's: strength; as adjective, mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity); shortened from אַיִל meaning:
Strong's: properly, strength; hence, anything strong; specifically a chief (politically); also a ram (from his strength); a pilaster (as a strong support); an oak or other strong tree
BDB: ram (as food; as sacrifice; skin dyed red, for tabernacle); pillar, door post, jambs, pilaster; a strong man, a leader, a chief; mighty tree, terebinth
God, God-like One, the Mighty One
mighty men, men of rank, mighty heroes
a god, a false god, (demons, imaginations)
God, the one true God, Jehovah (Yahweh)
mighty things in nature
(plural) rulers, judges; divine ones; angels; gods
(plural intensive – singular meaning) God, a god, a goddess; god-like one; works or special possessions of God; the one true God; God
Strong's: the Lord (used as a proper name of God only); an emphatic form of אֲדוֹן [ah-don] meaning:
Strong's: sovereign, i.e. controller (human or divine)
BDB: firm, strong, lord, master
referring to men: a superintendant [sp] of a household, superintendant [sp] of affairs; a master; a king
referring to God: the Lord God; the Lord of the whole earth
referring to men: a proprietor of a hill of Samaria; a master; a husband; a prophet; a governor; a prince; a king
referring to God: the Lord of lords (probably = “your husband, Yahweh”)
my lord, my master
referring to men: a master; a husband; a prophet; a prince; a king; a father; Moses; a priest; a theophanic angel; a captain; general recognition of superiority
referring to God: my Lord, my Lord and my God; Adonai (parallel with Yahweh)
used in reference to Yeshua as a proclamation of His deity, see John 20:28
BDB: my lord, lord (used of men; used of God); Lord (a title) spoken instead of יהוה as a Jewish display of reverence
24 … You have begun to reveal Your greatness to Your servant, and Your strong hand – for what other god is there in heaven or on earth that can do the works and mighty deeds that You do?
With all that Moses had seen and been through, from the burning bush to all the miracles in Egypt, to the Sea of Suf, to Mount Sinai, through 40 years of God's provision, protection, and revelation in the wilderness, he recognizes that the LORD has just begun to reveal His greatness and His strong hand!
Such is the God we are allowed to serve!
We see this idea reflected in Revelation 4:8 where Yochanan (John) records seeing four living beings who, day and night never stop saying, “Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, Who was and is and is to come!”
When we lived north of Chicago I would often listen to Moody Radio while driving to and from work. One day I heard a man talking about this verse and how he asked the Lord how it was possible that anyone could do that: “never stop saying, holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty ….”
What he felt God revealed to him was that as these living beings worship Him in this way, that moves the heart of God to reveal just a little more of His character, His being, His heart and attributes to these beings. That revelation, in turn, moves their hearts to worship Him in this way, which moves the heart of God to reveal just a little more of Himself to them.
Because of how great, awesome, wonderful, mighty, powerful, just, righteous, holy, magnificent, creative, loving, merciful, patient, pure, kind, majestic, fearful, lordly, masterful, kingly, regal, high, exalted, eminent, joyful, exuberant, rapturous, vivacious, the LORD is, that reciprocal relationship can continue forever!!
If only it were possible to describe Him!
King of Kings
The Bible says my King is a seven way king.
He's the King of the Jews - that's a racial king.
He's the King of Israel - that's a national king.
He's the King of righteousness; He's the King of the ages;
He's the King of heaven; He's the King of glory;
He's the King of kings and He's the Lord of lords
That's my King.
Well.... I wonder, do you know Him?
David said the heavens declare the glory of God
and the skies proclaim the work of His hands.
My King is a sovereign king - no means of measure can define His limitless love.
No far seeing telescope can bring into visibility the coastline of His radiant glory.
No barrier can hinder Him from pouring out His blessings.
He's endurably strong. He's entirely sincere. He's eternally steadfast.
He's immortally graceful. He’s imperially powerful. He's impartially merciful.
Do you know Him?
He's the greatest phenomenon that has ever crossed the horizon of this world.
He's God's Son. He's a sinner's Savior. He's the centerpiece of civilization.
He stands in the solitude of Himself. He's august and He's unique.
He's unparalleled. He's unprecedented.
He is the loftiest idea in literature. He's the highest personality in philosophy.
He is the supreme problem in higher criticism.
He's the fundamental doctrine of true theology.
He is the corner and the necessity for spiritual religion.
He's the miracle of the age.
He's the superlative of everything good you choose to call Him.
He's the only one who qualifies to be an all-sufficient Savior.
I wonder if you know Him today?
He supplies strength for the weak. He’s available for the tempted and the tried.
He's sympathizes and He saves. He strengthens and sustains.
He guards and He guides. He heals the sick. He cleansed the lepers.
He forgives sinners. He discharges debtors. He delivers the captives.
He defends the feeble. He blesses the young. He serves the unfortunate.
He rewards the diligent, and He beautifies the meek.
I wonder if you know Him. Well, my King -
He is the king. He is the key to knowledge.
He's the wellspring of wisdom. He's the doorway of deliverance.
He's the pathway of peace. He's roadway of righteousness.
He's the highway of holiness. He's the gateway of glory.
Do you know Him? Well ...
His office is manifold. His promise is sure. His life is matchless.
His goodness is limitless. His mercy is everlasting. His love never changes.
His word is enough. His grace is sufficient.
His reign is righteous and His yoke is easy and His burden is light.
I wish I could describe Him to you! But He's indescribable...
He's indescribable. He's incomprehensible. He's invincible. He's irresistible.
Well, you can't get Him out of your mind. You can't get Him out of your head.
You can't out live Him and you can't live without Him.
The Pharisees couldn't stand Him, but they found out they couldn't stop Him.
Pilate couldn't find any fault in Him.
The witnesses couldn't get their testimonies to agree.
Herod couldn't kill Him.
Death couldn't handle Him and the grave couldn't hold Him
Yeah!!! That's my King. That's my King.
And Thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory forever
and ever and ever and ever and ever; how long is that?, and ever and ever.
And when you get through all of the ‘forevers,’ then Amen, Amen!
[This was passed on to me by a friend and former pastor, Jonathan Williams, who is the creator and master storyteller of Word of God, Speak! Ministries (wgsministries.org). He first heard it shared at a pastor’s conference with the Great Commission Association of Churches. We do not know who the original preacher is, or when or where the message was first shared.]
It is no wonder that when Yesha'yahu (Isaiah) similarly saw heavenly beings with six wings each calling out, “More holy than the holiest holiness is Adonai-Tzva'ot! The whole earth is filled with His glory!” that he said, “Woe to me! I am doomed (undone, cut off, destroyed, caused to cease), because I, a man of unclean lips, living among a people with unclean lips, have seen with my own eyes the King, Adonai-Tzva'ot!” (Isa 6:3-5)
25 Please! Let me go across and see the good land on the other side of the Yarden, that wonderful hill-country and the L'vanon!'
Moses continued to pray that he might enter the Land.
There is a difference between vain repetition and earnest reiteration.
Vain repetition – And when you pray, don't babble on and on like the pagans, who think God will hear them better if they talk a lot. 8 Don't be like them, because your Father knows what you need before you ask Him. (Matt 6:7-8)
Keep asking, and it will be given to you; keep seeking, and you will find; keep knocking, and the door will be opened to you. 8 For everyone who keeps asking receives; he who keeps seeking finds; and to him who keeps knocking, the door will be opened. (Matt 7:7-8)
“Ask,” “seek,” and “knock” here are all in the present imperative in the original. That's a “commitment to a long term way of doing something. A command to keep on doing an action as one's general habit or life-style. Repeat each time this situation arises!” (Discovery Bible New Testament)
Don't worry about anything
In the original Greek of this letter this is a negative present imperative which mean “Stop doing this! Go on refusing to do this!” (Discovery Bible NT)
on the contrary, make your requests known to God by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving.
All three emphatic
7 Then God's shalom, passing all understanding, will keep your hearts and minds safe in union with the Messiah Yeshua.
Sometimes I imagine that prayer might be like a snowflake. Individually we might not see that it is significant or how it makes a difference. As we think about it, though, how many snowflakes does it take to create an avalanche? Just one! The last one.
How are we to know how many other prayers have gone ahead? Over the years, over the decades, or even over the centuries or millennia, how many saints have prayed over the same issue that you now bring before the throne of God? Perhaps their answer was “no,” or “not yet,” because the time was not right, but the LORD is now waiting for you to add your petition, because now the time is right!
But when the LORD has given a clear and direct answer, we must be prepared to accept His answer and leave the matter with Him, understanding that Father knows best.
Three times I begged the Lord to take this thing away from me; 9 but He told me, “My grace is enough for you, for My power is brought to perfection in weakness.” Therefore, I am very happy to boast about my weaknesses, in order that the Messiah's power will rest upon me. 10 Yes, I am well pleased with weaknesses, insults, hardships, persecutions and difficulties endured on behalf of the Messiah; for it is when I am weak that I am strong. (2 Cor 12:8-10)
Matthew Henry's Commentary
God had said [Moses] should not go over; yet he prays that he might, not knowing but that the threatening was conditional, for it was not ratified with an oath, as that concerning the people was, that they should not enter. Thus Hezekiah prayed for his own life [2 Kings 20, Isa 38:21], and David for the life of his child [2 Sam 12], after both had been expressly threatened; and the former prevailed, though the latter did not. Moses remembered the time when he had by prayer prevailed with God to recede from the declarations which he had made of his wrath against Israel, Ex 32:14. And why might he not hope in like manner to prevail for himself?
“Let me go across” is a single word in Hebrew rooted in the word עָבַר [ah-vahr] meaning:
Strong's: to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literal or figurative; transitive, intransitive, intensive, causative); specifically, to cover (in copulation)
BDB: to pass over or by or through, to alienate, to bring, to carry, to do away, to take, to take away, to transgress
here in this verse in the Qal imperfect: to pass over, to cross, to cross over, to pass over, to march over, to overflow, to go over; to pass beyond; to pass through, to traverse (passers-through [participle]; to pass through [the parts of victim in covenant]); to pass along, to pass by, to overtake and pass, to sweep by (passer-by [participle]); to be past, to be over; to pass on, go on, to pass on before, to go in advance of, to pass along, to travel, to advance; to pass away (to emigrate, to leave [one's territory]; to vanish; to perish, to cease to exist; to become invalid, to become obsolete [used of law, decree]; to be alienated, to pass into other hands
26 But Adonai was angry with me on account of you, and he didn't listen to me. Adonai said to me, 'Enough from you! Don't say another word to me about this matter!
“But was angry” is a single word in Hebrew rooted in the word עָבַר [ah-vahr], here in the Hithpael imperfect, meaning to pass over
This reminds me of a word search puzzle. You are given a block of letter and as you find words from the given list you mark or circle them. There usually comes a point when you search a particular area of the puzzle knowing there is something there, but you just can't see it … yet.
I asked for some help with this and got this response from some emissaries in Israel that we pray for :
This is an interesting verse. As you probably know the word "Hebrew" also comes from [the] root עבר, to crossover. The Hebrews are the ones who crossed over the Jordan to possess the good land. So our identity as a nation is tied to this word.
In English we can say, "She was cross with me." meaning that she was angry with me. In Biblical Hebrew התעבר i[הִתְעַבָּר] means to be angry with. It's the idea that someone crossed the line with you [and you are now cross with them]. [E.g. used also in Ps 78:62]
However, there is another subtle implication. The hitpael conjugation [used here] is often used in verbs describing something that you do to yourself. For example התגלח i[הִתְגָּלַח ?] means to shave oneself. G-d is telling Moses that you caused yourself not to be able to crossover into the promised land by the actions you did and I'm angry at you for doing that to yourself.
It's like G-d was saying I had other plans for you, but once you struck the rock twice, or crucified the Messiah the second time, my hands were tied with respect to letting you enter the promise land and I'm not happy about that. (Thank you, Richard!) (You can “meet” Richard and Carolyn Hyde and become acquainted with their ministry at http://heartofg-d.org.)
How often do we do that?
How often do we do something stupid, regardless of how we try to rationalize it.
How often do we do something that blocks the blessings of God?
How often do we disappoint, let down, grieve, or even wound the heart of God?
27 Climb up to the top of Pisgah and look out to the west, north, south and east. Look with your eyes – but you will not go across this Yarden.
• Pisgah is a transliteration of the Hebrew פִּסְגָּה , its meaning defined variously according to the source:
◦ Strong's: a cleft; from פָּסַג [pah-sahg] which means
▪ Strong's: to cut up, i.e. (figuratively) contemplate
▪ BDB: (Piel verb form) to pass between or within; the meaning is uncertain
◦ BDB: cleft
◦ GoogleTranslate: summit, top, peak, pinnacle (remembering that GoogleTranslate is modern Hebrew rather than Biblical: the two are different, although there is much overlap)
• Moshe was to go up to “the top of Pisgah” (רֹאשׁ הַפִּסְגָּה). This phrase is repeated in Deut 34:1 where is it preceded by “the mountain N'vo” (נְבוֹ).
◦ Whatever Pisgah specifically is, here it is associated with a particular mountain, N'vo, just east of the Jordan, opposite Jericho.
• “you will not go across this Yarden”
◦ Scripturally, Moshe's prohibition lasted until he met with Elijah and Jesus on the mountain top in Matthew 17.
28 However, commission Y'hoshua, encourage him and strengthen him; for he will lead this people across and enable them to inherit the land that you will see. 29 So we stayed in the valley across from Beit-P'or.
• Y'hoshua (יְהוֹשׁוּעַ or יְהוֹשֻׁעַ) means “Yah (Yahweh) is salvation”
◦ Yeshua (יֵשׁוּעַ) is a shortened form meaning “Yah saves”
▪ Moses could not take the people into the fullness of G-d's promisees, but Joshua could.
▪ In the same way the Law can not take people into the fullness of G-d's promisees. We need a Savior; praise the L-RD, He sent one – Yeshua / Jesus.
• The name Jesus, by the way, is not of pagan origin and is not derived from Zeus as some internet sources claim.
◦ The name comes from a transliteration of a transliteration.
▪ A transliteration is where a word from one language is written with the characters of another and adopted into the new language. Words are commonly adopted language to language. English is full of words that have been adopted from other languages. This phenomenon has been occurring since Babel.
• Being the most prevalent, food examples abound including Dutch “pannenkoek” coming into English as “pancake,” French “eclair,” and Spanish “burrito.”
◦ As a name Yeshua (often anglicized Jeshua) is found 29 times in the Old Testament (e.g. 1 Chr 24:11; 2 Chr 31:15; Ezra 2:2).
▪ יְשׁוּעַה (also yeshua with an 'h'), translated as salvation, welfare, help, health, and deliverance is found 76 times (e.g. Gen 49:18; Ex 14:13, Ps 3:8).
• The 'h' (ה) at the end of a word can indicate a grammatical feminine or
• With the paleo-Hebrew meaning of the ה in mind, “what comes from,” “what is birthed from” what proceeds it – in this case, what comes from “Yah saves” which is salvation, welfare, help, health and deliverance!
◦ To get to us, the Hebrew name יֵשׁוּעַ (Yeshua) was transliterated into
▪ Greek as Ἰησου then into
▪ Latin as Iesu then eventually through Old English to modern
▪ English as Jesus
• “and enable them to inherit the land” here (which can carry the nuance of ability without the accomplishment,) might be more literally translated “and he shall cause to inherit them the land,” the key word being the Hiphil imperfect of נָחַל [nah-khahl] meaning
◦ Strong's: to inherit (as a [figurative] mode of descent), or (generally) to occupy; causatively, to bequeath, or (generally) distribute, instate
◦ BDB: to get as a possession, to acquire, to inherit, to possess
▪ in the Hiphil verb form: to give as a possession; to cause to inherit, to give as an inheritance
◦ Of course this “causing to inherit” is predicated on the continued faithful action of the people: they had to remain faithful to the L-RD and follow His anointed leader.
▪ The same applies to us.
1 Now, Isra'el, listen to the laws and rulings I am teaching you, in order to follow them, so that you will live; then you will go in and take possession of the land that Adonai, the God of your fathers, is giving you.
Now, Isra'el, listen ... וְעַתָּה יִשְׂרָאֵל שְׁמַע
2 In order to obey the mitzvot [commandments] of Adonai your God which I am giving you, do not add to what I am saying, and do not subtract from it. 3 You saw with your own eyes what Adonai did at Ba'al-P'or, that Adonai destroyed from among you all the men who followed Ba'al-P'or; 4 but you who stuck with Adonai your God are still alive today, every one of you.
5 Look, I have taught you laws and rulings, just as Adonai my God ordered me, so that you can behave accordingly in the land where you are going in order to take possession of it.
6 Therefore …
Whenever we see “therefore” in Scripture, we need to heed what the “therefore” is there for!
Therefore, observe them; and follow them;
for then all peoples will see you as having wisdom and understanding.
When they hear of all these laws, they will say, 'This great nation is surely a wise and understanding people.'
7 For what great nation is there that has God as close to them as Adonai our God is, whenever we call on Him?
8 What great nation is there that has laws and rulings as just as this entire Torah which I am setting before you today?
9 Only be careful, and watch yourselves diligently as long as you live, so that you won't forget what you saw with your own eyes, so that these things won't vanish from your hearts.
Rather, make them known to your children and grandchildren
don't forget … make them known
In the culture of the ancient Middle East, whenever something significant of a political or, especially, of a spiritual nature happened, they would set up a “standing stone” as a monument or memorial to what took place. People who came that way later could tell the stone didn't get that way by itself, or by accident, and would ask, “what
happened here?” Those who knew, could say, “let me tell you what God did.”
We might not erect “standing stones,” but we can make a plaque, write a note, or take a picture. What we do is not as important as the fact that we do something to help us remember. Remember all that God has done; and be able to tell others.
Our very lives should be “standing stones” to all the LORD has done.
In Deuteronomy 5 are the “10 Words” or “10 Sayings” often called the “10 Commandments”
א 6 I am יהוה your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, where you lived as slaves.
ב 7-10 You are to have no other gods before Me. …
This is not a matter of ordering, as if to say, as long as HaShem is number one we can have other gods. Nothing, and no one, is to have a place as “God” in our lives but Him alone.
No other gods before the LORD's face, His פָּנִים, as the Hebrew says.
9 I am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sins of the parents, also the third and fourth generation of those who hate me (CJB)
some translations say “visiting,” the iniquity of the parents upon the children …
What we do affects not only us, but those closest to us.
The patterns and lifestyles we model will usually be lived out by our children. Though, in Yeshua Mashiach, the chains of the past can be broken, to where a new present, and therefore, a new future are charted. As Yeshua Himself says in John 8:36, “... if the Son makes you free, you will be free indeed.”
As with most Scripture, there is more – if we will look closely:
In Deut 5:9 the word translated “sin” or “iniquity” is עָוֹן [a-vōn]
it can refer to perversity, depravity, iniquity
but it can also refer to the “consequence of or punishment for iniquity”
“punishing” or “visiting” here comes from פָּקַד [pah-kahd]
it can mean “to visit,” “to visit upon,” and “to punish”
but it can also mean “to look about for,” “to pay attention to,” and “to observe”
Interestingly, the root word translated “hate” is שָׂנֵא [sah-neh] which means: hate!
I submit that this verse might also be translated:
“for those who hate Him, God will observe the consequences of the sins of the fathers in the lives of their children and grandchildren.”
10 BUT [hallelujah!] displaying grace to the thousandth generation of those who love Me and obey My mitzvot.
“displaying” here is an infinitive of עָשָׂה [a-sah] which means “to make,” or “to do,” “to fashion,” or “to accomplish”
What is it that HaShem is “making,” “doing,” “fashioning,” and “accomplishing”?
His חֶסֶד [cheh-sehd] – mercy, goodness, kindness, faithfulness
things that we may gain glimpses of here on earth, but that can only truly come from the LORD
and to whom does the LORD extend His wonderful חֶסֶד ?
to the thousands of them that are loving Me, He says, and are keeping My mitzvot.
Both are infinitives, indicating something that is ongoing.
To those who are loving HaShem and keeping His mitzvot,
He making, doing, fashioning, and accomplishing His mercy, goodness, kindness, and faithfulness in their lives.
The love of the LORD is unconditional: There is no earthly way for any of us to ever merit the love He continually lavishes upon us.
We know from Scripture that, at times, Adonai also extends His mercy and grace to both those who know Him and to those who do not know Him.
But there is an on-going outworking of His חֶסֶד in the lives of those who continue in relationship with Him:
part of which involves our on-going loving Adonai with all our heart, soul, mind, emotions, strength, and resources (as we see in the Shema)
and our demonstrating that love by our willingly keeping His mitzvot.
D'varim (Deuteronomy), chapter 6 SAYS:
ּשְׁמַע יִשְׂרָאֵל יהוה אֱלֹהֵנוּ יהוה אֶחָד
וְאָהַבְתָּ אֵת יהוה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכָל לְבָבְךָ
וּבְכָל נַפְשְׁךָ וּבְכָל מְאֹדֶךָ
Too often we hurry right through it:
Hear Israel, the LORD our God, the LORD is One.
You shall love the LORD your God with
all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might.
I used to read this and think, okay, God's people are told to love Him with our hearts, plus our minds, plus put some effort into it. Okay.
But looking at the meaning of the Hebrew words there is so much more. For instance:
As in this case, most often “hear” in the Bible is much more than to perceive something acoustically: listen, listen up, pay attention! It is linked with the idea of “obedience”!
– the All-Sufficient, Self-Sufficient, Mighty, Eternal, Holy, Loving, Righteousness, Just, Creator of all
– commands, invites, urges, and welcomes us to respond to Him and to His love, mercy, grace, kindness, protection provision ... and His patience
by loving Him in return with ALL our heart – what is that?
The inner man, the mind, the will, the heart, the soul – in other words:
the understanding inner part of the individual
At the same time we are also to love the LORD our God with ALL our soul
this involves the mind but includes our desires, emotions, and passions
this moves out of ourselves and affects all our closest dealings and relationships
This passage also calls us to love the LORD our God with ALL our strength
all our might, all our force, all our “muchness,” all our abundance
like a rippling affect, our love for God is to reach out and make a holy, godly difference in every area of life around us
Verse 6 continues, “And these words which I command you today shall be in your heart. 7 You shall teach them diligently to your children, and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, when you walk by the way, when you lie down, and when you rise up.”
In any and every way they were to pass on what they learned and knew of God to others … to future generations. ... So are we.
Everything we are involved in should be governed by and reflect God's love for us and our love and commitment to Him. Living in a way that accurately reflects who we are in relationship with Him.
Thoughts to be developed further:
ALL Scripture is uniquely inspired by God – compare “new” in Hebrew from Jeremiah 31 with “new” in Greek from Luke 22:20.
Acts 13:26-39, Rabbi Sha'ul [emphasis added]
Brothers! – sons of Avraham and those among you who are “God-fearers”! It is to us that the message of this deliverance has been sent! 27 For the people living in Yerushalayim and their leaders did not recognize who Yeshua was or understand the message of the Prophets read every Shabbat, so they fulfilled that message by condemning Him. 28 They could not find any legitimate ground for a death sentence; nevertheless they asked Pilate to have Him executed; 29 and when they had carried out all the things written about Him, He was taken down from the stake and placed in a tomb.
30 But God raised Him from the dead! 31 He appeared for many days to those who had come up with Him from the Galil to Yerushalayim; and they are now His witnesses to the people.
32 As for us, we are bringing you the Good News that what God promised to the fathers, 33 He has fulfilled for us the children in raising up Yeshua, as indeed it is written in the second Psalm,
You are My Son; today I have become Your Father.
34 And as for His raising Him up from the dead, to return to decay no more, He said,
I will give the holy and trustworthy things of David to you.
35 This is explained elsewhere:
You will not let Your Holy One see decay.
36 For David did indeed serve God's purposes in his own generation; but after that, he died, was buried with his fathers and did see decay. 37 However, the One God raised up did not see decay.
38 Therefore, brothers, let it be known to you that through this Man is proclaimed forgiveness of sins! 39 That is, God clears everyone who puts his trust in this Man, even in regard to all the things concerning which you could not be cleared by the Torah of Moshe.